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/ / / /

, , , (Fiske & Taylor, 1984). (illusory correlation). , .

̳ (Meehan & Janik, 1990) , , . , .

, , , (Hamilton & Rose, 1980; Martin, 1987). , , , . , (Hamilton & Rose, 1980) . . ( ), . (David Myers, 1990, p. 359): - .

(Slusher & Anderson, 1987) , , , . , , . , , , . , , , .

(Illusory correlation). , . , .

, , . . , (Fiske & Taylor, 1984) , . , (Nisbett & Ross, 1980; Tversky & Kahneman, 1974) , , (Hamilton & Gifford, 1976; Rothbard et al.
, 1978; Tversky & Kahneman, 1974).

, ' , , . , , . , , , , . , , , ; , ( ) . , (Fiske & Taylor, 1984), , . , (Hamill et al., 1980). (base-rate fallacy). , , - ( ). , - . , :

! , !

(Base-rate fallacy). .

, : , , , . , , . , , . '- , , - , , .
= =